First Communist Party of Cuba: fertile seed

carlos-balinnoCarlos Baliño was a thinker, modest and a man of action; at public events he did not like the presidency and yielded to other patriots.



Carlos_balino-260pxCarlos Baliño was a thinker, modest and a man of action; at public events he did not like the presidency and yielded to other patriots.

The natural tenacity and redemptive consciousness of that man who was born on February 13, 1848 came from his father, who was an architect and conspired in Pinar del Rio in 1869 against the Spanish colonial system, that’s why he was deported to an African island, from where he escaped and settled in New Orleans. There he joined with his family.

Since then his son Carlos Baliño lived during more than 30 years in U.S.; there he learned the trade of tobacco and specialized as a chooser. In 1891 he met Martí, who recognized that Baliño was a good collaborator. Baliño organized clubs and along with Marti and other patriots formed the Cuban Revolutionary Party.

Since the end of nineteenth century he embraced the cause of Marxism and developed an informative task for these ideas, activity that continued with greater intensity on his return to Cuba, where he created in 1903, the first Marxist group in the country: Socialist Advertising Club.

Gerardo Machado considered the most irreconcilable enemy to the veteran fighter, who along with Julio Antonio Mella and other 18 patriots founded the First Communist Party of Cuba in a historic meeting held in an ancient place in Vedado, where Hubert de Blanck theater is located at present.   




Until his sickbed was taken the imprisonment order by an infamous judge and cruel. The proletarian leader died on June 18th, 1926.

Despite the avalanche of lies that those in power tried to keep the party isolated, that party won reputation for its position in defense of just causes.
From 1925 to 1961, the political organ played a tough role in the formation of a revolutionary consciousness among the people, prompted the creation of trade unions, peasants, women and youth. It defended the rights of farm and city workers. It fought against imperialist interference, peasant evictions and against all forms of discrimination.
Among its undisputed contributions highlighted its fight for the unity of the people, the defense of Marti’s thought and national patriotic traditions.

For Centennial Youth, led by Fidel, there were no contradictions between Marti’s thoughts and the Marxists; they came to be communists convinced by deep study of the Apostle’s thought. This coincidence enabled the revolutionary unity of the Centennial Youth and fighters of the old communist militancy.

In 1961, the three political organizations that fought against Batista tyranny were disolved. They were the 26th of July Revolutionary Movement, the Revolutionary Directory and the First Communist Party, which in 1944 had adopted the name of Popular Socialist.

These were merged into the Integrated Revolutionary Organizations (ORI), a precursor to form the United Party of the Socialist Revolution of Cuba (PURSC) in 1963, which took the name Communist Party of Cuba from 1965.

Traslation: Lien Fernández Sánchez


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